Heel pain and heel spurs are among the more common complaints of adults treated by podiatrists. Children may also suffer with heel pain in the form of Sever’s disease, and this condition is generally easily treated by reducing trauma to the related structures.
There are different causes of heel pain in adults. It can be the result of nerve trauma and/or faulty biomechanics. Other heel pain may be caused by direct injury, poor footwear, obesity, diabetes or arthritic disease.
Faulty biomechanics can place too much stress on the heel bone and the soft tissues attached to it. This is referred to as plantar fasciitis or heel spur syndrome. Symptoms are usually pain in the form of a dull ache, like a stone bruise, that may be present throughout the day and after rest, especially first thing in the morning.
Prolonged heel pain of this nature usually requires proper prescription orthotics that correct abnormal biomechanics, posture and walking styles and reduce stress on the structures at the heel, allowing them to repair. Muscular rehabilitation of the leg and foot muscles, involving strengthening and stretching, may help, while strapping techniques are useful in the acute stage. X-rays may be necessary.
Your podiatrist will be able to diagnose and treat your heel pain, whatever the cause. It is important to seek advice as soon as possible.